- adenosine triphosphate
- = adenosine 5'-triphosphateAbbreviation: ATPA nucleotide of fundamental importance as the major carrier of chemical energy in all living organisms. It is also required for RNA synthesis since it is a direct precursor molecule. ATP consists of adenosine with three phosphate groups, linked together linearly. The phosphates are attached to adenosine through the 5'-hydroxyl of its ribose (sugar) portion. Upon hydrolysis, these bonds yield either one molecule of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) and the inorganic phosphate ion, or one molecule of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) and pyrophosphate; in both cases releasing energy that is used to power biological processes. ATP is regenerated by the phosphorylation of AMP and ADP.
Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.