ribosome

ribosome
The sub-cellular structure that contains both RNA and protein molecules and is the site for the translation of mRNA into protein. Ribosomes comprise large and small sub-units.

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • ribosome — [ ribozom ] n. m. • v. 1960; de ribo et some ♦ Biol. Organite cytoplasmique formé de trois types différents d acides ribonucléiques, associés à cinquante deux protéines distinctes et déchiffrant le code inscrit dans l A. R. N. messager. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ribosome — ribosome. См. тельце Паладе. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • ribosome — 1958, coined by U.S. microbiologist Richard B. Roberts (1910 1980) from ribo(nucleic acid) + some body …   Etymology dictionary

  • ribosome — [rī′bə sōm΄] n. [< RIBOSE + SOME3] a minute, spherical particle composed of RNA and proteins and present in great numbers in the cytoplasm of cells: proteins are manufactured at the ribosomal surface following genetic instructions carried… …   English World dictionary

  • Ribosome — cell, showing subcellular components including ribosomes (3). Organelles: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosomes (little dots) (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (6) Golgi apparatus (7) Cytoskeleton (8) smooth ER (9) mitochondria… …   Wikipedia

  • Ribosome — Schema d une cellule animale type : (1) nucleole (2) Noyau (3) ribosomes (petits points) (4) vesicule (5) Réticulum endoplasmique granuleux (REG) (6) Appareil de Golgi (7) cytosquelette (8) Réticulum endoplasmique lisse (9) Mitochon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ribosome — The cell s essential protein factory. A tiny particulate structure located in the cytoplasm of the cell (outside the nucleus), the ribosome is composed of two subunits, one larger than the other. Both subunits were believed to contain both RNA… …   Medical dictionary

  • ribosome — ribosomal, adj. /ruy beuh sohm /, n. Cell Biol. a tiny, somewhat mitten shaped organelle occurring in great numbers in the cell cytoplasm either freely, in small clusters, or attached to the outer surfaces of endoplasmic reticula, and functioning …   Universalium

  • ribosome — ribosoma statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Ląstelių organoidas, kuriame vyksta baltymų biosintezė. atitikmenys: angl. ribosome rus. рибосома …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Ribosome display — is a technique used to perform in vitro protein evolution to create proteins that can bind to a desired ligand. The process results in translated proteins that are associated with their mRNA progenitor which is used, as a complex, to bind to an… …   Wikipedia

  • Ribosome biogenesis — is the process of making ribosomes. In prokaryotic cells, it takes place in the cytoplasm with the transcription of many ribosome gene operons. In eukaryotes, it takes place both in the cell cytoplasm and in the nucleolus of eukaryotic cells. It… …   Wikipedia

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