Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Agrobacterium tumefaciens
A bacterium that causes crown gall disease in some plants. The bacterium characteristically infects a wound, and incorporates a segment of Ti plasmid DNA into the host genome. This DNA causes the host cell to grow into a tumour-like structure that synthesizes specific opines that only the pathogen can metabolize. This DNA-transfer mechanism is exploited in the genetic engineering of plants.
See: T-DNA

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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