protein synthesis

protein synthesis
The creation of proteins from their constituent amino acids, in accordance with the encoding gene DNA sequence.

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Protein synthesis — is the creation of proteins using DNA and RNA.For synthesis of protein, a succession of tRNA molecules charged with their appropiate amino acids have to be brought together with an mRNA molecule and matched up by base pairing through their… …   Wikipedia

  • protein synthesis — protein synthesis. См. белковый синтез. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Protein synthesis inhibitor — A protein synthesis inhibitor is a substance which stops or slows the growth or proliferation of cells by disrupting the processes that lead directly to the generation of new proteins.cite web |url=http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi… …   Wikipedia

  • protein synthesis — Biochem. the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes. * * * …   Universalium

  • protein synthesis — pro′tein syn thesis n. biochem. gen the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes …   From formal English to slang

  • protein synthesis — Biochem. the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cell-free protein synthesis — (also called in vitro protein synthesis), is the production of protein without the use of living cells. HistoryThe first elucidation of a codon was done by Marshall Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei in 1961 at the National Institutes of Health.… …   Wikipedia

  • cytoplasmic protein synthesis — cytoplasmic protein synthesis. См. цитоплазматический синтез белка. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Protein biosynthesis — (synthesis) is the process in which cells build proteins. The term is sometimes used to refer only to protein translation but more often it refers to a multi step process, beginning with amino acid synthesis and transcription which are then used… …   Wikipedia

  • Protein metabolism — or proteinolysis denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the synthesis of proteins and amino acids, and the breakdown of proteins (and other large molecules, too) by catabolism.Protein synthesis Main article: Protein… …   Wikipedia

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