polysaccharide capsule

polysaccharide capsule
See: capsule

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • Capsule — has many meanings in medicine including the following: {{}}In medicine, a membranous structure that envelops an organ, a joint, tumor, or any other part of the body. It is usually made up of dense collagen containing connective tissue. In… …   Medical dictionary

  • Polysaccharide encapsulated bacteria — Polysaccharide encapsulated bacteria, frequently referred to simply as encapsulated bacteria and less precisely called encapsulated organisms, are a group of bacteria that have an outer covering, a capsule, made of polysaccharide.Examples of… …   Wikipedia

  • Capsule (bactériologie) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Capsule. Dans le domaine de la microbiologie, on appelle capsule l enveloppe qui entoure la paroi de certaines bactéries. Elle est dite polyosidique car composée de plusieurs sucres (oses). Sa composition est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polysaccharide — Polysaccharides are relatively complex carbohydrates. They are polymers made up of many monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic bonds. They are therefore very large, often branched, macromolecules. They tend to be amorphous, insoluble in… …   Wikipedia

  • Polysaccharide — ██████████40  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • capsule — I. noun Etymology: French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box more at case Date: circa 1693 1. a. a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (as a knee joint or kidney) b. either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum 2. a closed… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • capsule — Bact. Thick gel like material attached to the wall of Gram positive or Gram negative bacteria, giving colonies a smooth appearance. May contribute to pathogenicity by inhibiting phagocytosis. Mostly composed of very hydrophilic acidic… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • capsule — n. 1) a membrane, sheath, or other structure that encloses a tissue or organ. For example, the kidney, adrenal gland, and lens of the eye are enclosed within capsules. A joint capsule is the fibrous tissue, including the synovial membrane, that… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • capsule — Carbohydrate coverings that have antigenic specificity, present on some types of bacteria and other micro organisms. The capsule is usually composed of polysaccharides, polypeptides, or polysaccharide protein complexes. These materials are… …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • pneumococcal polysaccharide — pneumococcus polysaccharide any of a large number of polysaccharides derived from the capsule of Streptococcus pneumoniae; more than 80 immunologically distinct types have been identified and form the basis of pneumococcal typing. The structure… …   Medical dictionary

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