extrachromosomal

extrachromosomal
In eukaryotes, non-nuclear DNA, present in cytoplasm organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. In prokaryotes, non-chromosomal DNA, i.e. plasmids.

Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture . 2015.

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  • extrachromosomal — Outside or separated from, a chromosome. * * * ex·tra·chro·mo·som·al .krō mə sō məl, zō adj situated or controlled by factors outside the chromosome <extrachromosomal inheritance> <extrachromosomal DNA> * * * ex·tra·chro·mo·so·mal… …   Medical dictionary

  • extrachromosomal — ¦ekstrəˌ adjective Etymology: extra + chromosomal : situated or controlled by factors outside the chromosomes extrachromosomal inheritance extrachromosomal DNA …   Useful english dictionary

  • extrachromosomal — adjective Date: 1940 situated or controlled by factors outside the chromosome < extrachromosomal inheritance > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Extrachromosomal DNA — (sometimes called extranuclear DNA or nonchromosomal DNA) is DNA located or maintained in a cell apart from the chromosomes.In many cases, extrachromosomal DNA is contained in cytoplasmic organelles, such as mitochondria (animals), and in… …   Wikipedia

  • extrachromosomal inheritance — extrachromosomal inheritance. См. экстрахромосомное наследование. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • extrachromosomal molecule — extrachromosomal molecule. См. внехромосомная молекула. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Extrachromosomal array — An extrachromosomal array is a method for mosaic analysis in genetics. It is a cosmid, and contains two functioning (wild type) closely linked genes: a gene of interest and a mosaic marker . Such an array is injected into germ line cells, which… …   Wikipedia

  • extrachromosomal — /ek streuh kroh meuh soh meuhl/, adj. Genetics. of or pertaining to DNA that exists outside the main chromosome and acts independently. [1935 40; EXTRA + CHROMOSOMAL] * * * …   Universalium

  • extrachromosomal — adjective Happening outside a chromosome …   Wiktionary

  • extrachromosomal — adj. (Genetics) existing outside of the main chromosome (pertaining to DNA) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • extrachromosomal — ex·tra·chromosomal …   English syllables

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